Secrets of Martin Eden: The Example of Analysis


Probably everyone reads this outstanding novel at school or college and has to deal with dozens of assignments related to it. Nevertheless, this is not a kind of boring or useless book. Students are always glad to work on this story and find that it is not only educative but also very amusing. Hence, the majority has no fear while getting the task to analyze the protagonist of this novel. However, it is actually not that easy. Jack London, the author of this book, made his main hero really complicated and lots of efforts are necessary to understand it. There are several things, which make this novel special and lots of scholars even find that it is the best London’s masterpiece. Moreover, many other authors were inspired by it. What are points, which make this book so influential? There are most significant of them below.

Autobiographical Plot

Without any doubts, there are many significant points, which prove that the main character Martin has a close connection with the Jack London’s life. Some events, which happen with both of them and their traits of temper are similar. Sometimes they look completely equal. Thus, we can say that this novel is autobiographical. Why do scholars come to such a conclusion? Both Jack London and Martin Eden want to destroy the difference between social classes and support socialism. They claim that working people are those who play a great role and their families are related exactly to this class. In addition, author and his literary hero had to deal with lots of challenges on their road to the writing fame and popularity. Therefore, the one good paper changes their lives completely. Unluckily, Jack London also demonstrated some tragic moments of his life via Martin Eden, namely the disappointment concerning his values and the negative attitude towards the upper class. However, the character committed suicide while the author died in his bed even if some versions about the overdose of morphine exist.

“The Overman”

It is true that many scholars agree that Jack London took many of his ideas and concepts from famous philosophers. One of them was Nietzsche and his theory about “ubermensch,” or overman. Martin Eden can be easily referred to the category of such people. The author demonstrates his strengths and makes him almost a preferred character with a great willpower, ability to lead people and set the pace. We can say that Martin Eden really had some leadership qualities which open up in middle of the novel. Moreover, this personage himself talks a lot about Nietzsche’s ideas and concepts. However, he also mentions that such things are appropriate only as a theory, but not in the real life. The best way to understand his position and philosophy is analyzing dialogues, where he participates.

The Reason for Suicide

Depressed Person

Probably the majority of people, who read this novel are wondering why Martin committed suicide. He had already reached the fame and popularity, Ruth loved him, he became familiar with the upper class. However, there still was the influential reason of his disappointment and depression, which led to the suicide. The major point is that Martin had lost all his ideals, and ideas he propagandized became useless and unimportant. He understood that the road he completed led to nothing and his desire to become a member of the upper sophisticated society was realized, but did not bring anything pleasant. Hence, it meant that all done things were in vain. For such creative people as Martin Eden, it was the final stage of his long hard road. There were no more reasons for him to stay alive and head on. He just found that he is not interested in life anymore.

Alienated in the Upper Society

Upper Society

There are no doubts that Martin wanted to become a member of the upper class. At the beginning of the story, we see how confused he feels while being invited to a sophisticated house, where people talk about poetical and philosophical themes. Martin quickly notices that they do no dirty job and spend their time reading and doing other intellectual activities. Ruth seems to be an angel for him. She is iconic and Martin Eden is amazed by her movements, knowledge and appearance from the first minutes of their meetings. However, even these impressions do not help him get rid of confusion. Martin feels the fear of doing something incorrectly and tries to control each of his words, but rude phrases anyway appear. Consequently, all members of the family find him a savage who has no abilities for intellectual work. They invited him just to see such a Wildman and do not have a serious attitude to him although this man is the one who has saved Arthur from death. We can conclude that Martin Eden is alienated. He is not like others and cannot become familiar with some usual for these people traditions, habits and so on.

All in all, there are some important things, which indicate the Martin Eden’s temper. Sure, he had not a calm and happy life. This person had to deal with thousands of challenges and fight off all difficulties. None of them destroyed his willpower and desire to become a great writer. However, the ruination of all his concepts and ideas made a negative impact on his life. That was the thing, which made him commit suicide. Unfortunately, Martin had no chance to survive because of all these adverse circumstances and dishonesty around him. The personal tragedy of Jack London is illustrated via the life of his character. Sure, almost all his personages were strong people, who had a great power of will and leadership qualities. However, Martin Eden is probably the best of his creations. Several philosophical concepts are connected in this character. It is hard to reveal all specialties that this personage has.